Pope John Paul II said in his apostolic letter
Simple yet profound, it still remains, at the dawn of this third millennium, a prayer of great significance, destined to bring forth a harvest of holiness.
The Rosary has accompanied me in moments of joy and in moments of difficulty. To it I have entrusted any number of concerns; in it I have always found comfort.
To recite the Rosary is nothing other than to contemplate with Mary the face of Christ.
The Church has always attributed particular efficacy to this prayer, entrusting to the Rosary, to its choral recitation and to its constant practice, the most difficult problems.
May this appeal of mine not go unheard!
1. In the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
2. Pray the Apostles' Creed.
3. One "Our Father" and three "Hail Mary's".
4. Announce the mystery that you are going to meditate (according to the day of the week).
5. Pray one "Our Father," ten "Hail Mary's," one "Glory Be" and the Fatima prayer for each mystery.
6. Finish by praying the "Hail Holy Queen".
"I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of Heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only Son Our Lord, Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into Hell; the third day He rose again from the dead; He ascended into Heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God, the Father almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body and life everlasting. Amen."
"Our Father, Who art in heaven, Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy Will be done, on earth as it is in Heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen."
"Hail Mary, full of Grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of death. Amen."
"Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen."
"Oh my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of Hell, lead all souls to Heaven, especially those in most need of thy mercy. Amen."
Hail Holy Queen
Hail, holy Queen, Mother of Mercy! Our life, our sweetness and our hope! To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve, to thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn, then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us; and after this our exile show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb Jesus;
O clement, O loving, O sweet virgin Mary.
Pray for us, O holy Mother of God
That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.
(Mondays and Saturdays)
(Tuesdays and Fridays)
(Wednesdays and Sundays)
1st Mystery- The Annunciation (Lk. 1, 26-38).
"In those days Mary arose and went with haste into the hill country, to a city of Judah, and she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit and she exclaimed with a loud cry, "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb!"
2nd Mystery - The Visitation (Lk. 1, 39-56).
" In those days Mary arose and went with haste into the hill country, to a city of Judah, and she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit and she exclaimed with a loud cry, "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb!"
3rd Mystery - The Birth of Our Lord (Lk. 2, 1-20).
"And she gave birth to her first-born son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn."
"for to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord."
4th Mystery - The Presentation of Jesus in the Temple (Lk. 2, 22-38).
"and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him according to the custom of the law, he took him up in his arms and blessed God and said,
"Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word; for mine eyes have seen thy salvation which thou hast prepared in the presence of all peoples, a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and for glory to thy people Israel.""
5th Mystery - The Finding of the Child Jesus in the Temple (Lk. 2, 41-52).
"and his mother said to him, "Son, why have you treated us so? Behold, your father and I have been looking for you anxiously." And he said to them, "How is it that you sought me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father's house?"
1st Mystery - The Baptism of Jesus in the Jordan (Lk. 3, 21-22).
"Now when all the people were baptized, and when Jesus also had been baptized and was praying, the heaven was opened, and the Holy Spirit descended upon him in bodily form, as a dove, and a voice came from heaven, "Thou art my beloved Son; with thee I am well pleased."
2nd Mystery - The Wedding Feast at Cana (Jn. 2, 1-11).
"When the wine failed, the mother of Jesus said to him, "They have no wine." And Jesus said to her, "O woman, what have you to do with me? My hour has not yet come." His mother said to the servants, "Do whatever he tells you."
3rd Mystery - The Proclamation of the Kingdom; the Sermon on the Mount (Lk. 17, 20-37).
"Being asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God was coming, he answered them, "The kingdom of God is not coming with signs to be observed; nor will they say, `Lo, here it is!' or `There!' for behold, the kingdom of God is in the midst of you."
4th Mystery - The Transfiguration (Mt. 17, 1-9).
"And after six days Jesus took with him Peter and James and John his brother, and led them up a high mountain apart. And he was transfigured before them, and his face shone like the sun, and his garments became white as light."
5th Mystery - The Institution of the Eucharist in the Last Supper (Mt. 26, 26-29).
"Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, "Take, eat; this is my body." And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, "Drink of it, all of you; for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins."
1st Mystery - The Agony in the Garden (Mt. 26, 36-46).
"My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt."
"Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak."
2nd Mystery - The Scourging at the Pillar (Jn. 19, 1).
"Then Pilate took Jesus and scourged him."
3rd Mystery - The Crowning with Thorns (Mt. 27, 27-30).
"Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the praetorium, and they gathered the whole battalion before him. And they stripped him and put a scarlet robe upon him, and plaiting a crown of thorns they put it on his head, and put a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him they mocked him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" And they spat upon him, and took the reed and struck him on the head. And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the robe, and put his own clothes on him, and led him away to crucify him."
4th Mystery - The Carrying of the Cross (Jn. 19, 12-17).
"So they took Jesus, and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called the place of a skull, which is called in Hebrew Golgotha."
"If any man will follow me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me" (Mark 8, 34)
5th Mystery - The Crucifixion and Death of Our Lord (Mt. 27, 45-54).
"And when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" which means, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?"
And Jesus uttered a loud cry, and breathed his last."
1st Mystery - The Resurrection (Mk. 16, 1-7)
"Do not be amazed; you seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has risen, he is not here; see the place where they laid him. But go, tell his disciples and Peter that he is going before you to Galilee; there you will see him, as he told you."
2nd Mystery - The Ascension (Acts 1, 1-11).
And when he had said this, as they were looking on, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight. And while they were gazing into heaven as he went, behold, two men stood by them in white robes, and said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven."
3rd Mystery - The Descent of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2, 1-8).
"When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly a sound came from heaven like the rush of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them tongues as of fire, distributed and resting on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance."
4th Mystery - The Assumption of Mary into Heaven (Judith 15, 8-10).
"And when they met her they all blessed her with one accord and said to her, "You are the exaltation of Jerusalem, you are the great glory of Israel, you are the great pride of our nation!"
5th Mystery - The Coronation of the Blessed Virgin Mary ( LG 8, 59).
"Finally, the Immaculate Virgin, preserved free from all guilt of original sin, on the completion of her earthly sojourn, was taken up body and soul into heavenly glory, and exalted by the Lord as Queen of the universe, that she might be the more fully confimed to her Son, the Lord of lords and the conqueror of sin and death."
The Holy Rosary now consists of four sets of five mysteries - Joyful, Sorrowful, Glorious, and now the Luminous introduced by the Holy Father Pope John Paul II for the year of the rosary - each mystery consisting of a set of prayers.
It is possible that the Rosary began with the laity imitating the Divine Office during which the monks recited 150 psalms daily. The laity often replaced the psalms with 50 or even 150 Ave Maria's (Hail Mary's) because often they could not read.
The first historical reference to the Rosary is from the life of St. Dominic (died 1221). He founded the Order of Preachers. Tradition says that the devotion began when Our Lady said to Him: "One day through the Rosary and the Scapular I will save the world." With the Rosary, he preached in France during the time when the Albigensian heresy was destroying the faith there.
The Blessed Mother herself asked for the practice as an antidote for heresy and sin.
Alan de Roche, one of St. Dominic's future disciples began to establish Rosary confraterities to promote the praying of the Rosary. Popes and Saints over the centuries have encouraged the praying of the Rosary, asking our Blessed Mother for Her intercession.
Rosary means "crown of roses", a spiritual bouquet given to the Blessed Mother from her children.
While being in prayer the mind meditates on the mysteries. In this way the heart, mind and soul are formed according to the examples of Our Savior, His first disciples and the Blessed Virgen.
The Rosary is prayed today so that we may grow in holiness and so that our prayer life may be enhanced.
The Rosary is also good formation for families so that they may grow in faith and understanding.